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Hospice

What is hospice care?

Hospice is a type of palliative care that provides services to improve the quality of life for the family and child. The word "hospice" literally means "a place of shelter." Hospice settings and home-hospice care provide extensive services to terminally ill children. Care usually involves relieving symptoms and providing psychological and social support for the patient and family. To qualify for hospice care, a patient usually has a life expectancy of less than 6 months. The decision to choose hospice care is a decision not to choose aggressive treatment. In addition, hospice philosophy provides for the spiritual and cultural needs of the child and family. The goal of hospice care is to provide the terminally ill patient peace, comfort, and dignity.

Research has shown that hospice care at home helps a family as a whole. In addition to being in the comfort of the home, family members can also take an active role in providing supplemental, supportive care to the patient. Hospice often includes an extensive multidisciplinary team available for care. This team includes healthcare providers, nurses, social workers, chaplains, home care aides, trained volunteers, pharmacists, and bereavement counselors.

Settings for hospice care

Although most patients receive hospice care at home, hospice care can also take place in other settings, including:

  • Hospital-based hospice. Most hospitals have a hospice program to give terminally ill patients access to support services and other healthcare professionals. Some hospitals even have a special hospice unit.

  • Long-term care hospice. Many long-term care homes have hospice units with specially trained staff for those patients who need medical services not suitable for a home setting.

  • Freestanding hospice. Independently owned hospices may sometimes include an inpatient care facility, in addition to their home care hospice services. The inpatient facilities offer patients hospice services if the patient needs medical services not suitable for a home setting.

What services does hospice care provide?

Hospice services are similar to home healthcare services, but may also include:

  • Spiritual services and religious needs

  • 24-hour care or on-call care

  • Respite care

  • Bereavement support

Online Medical Reviewer: Adler, Liora C., MD
Online Medical Reviewer: Taylor, Wanda, RN, Ph.D.
Date Last Reviewed: 10/1/2016
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